As the lines between office spaces and homes blur, our workstations increasingly require ergonomic considerations. These aren’t just buzzwords thrown around by interior designers and health experts; ergonomics is the science of optimising efficiency and reducing discomfort or risk of injury. For professionals spending countless hours behind their desks, the configuration of their workspace can be the difference between a productive day and one plagued by pain or discomfort.

How do you ergonomically optimise a workspace?

Ergonomic optimisation starts with understanding the individual’s unique requirements and the tasks they perform. Every element, from the height of the monitor to the positioning of the keyboard, plays a pivotal role.

Chair Configuration: The Keystone of Comfort

  1. Adjustable Features: Your chair should cater to you, not the other way around. Ensure it has adjustable height, backrest, and armrests.
  2. Supportive Backrest: Lumbar support is crucial. The curve of the chair should complement the natural curve of your spine, offering support especially in the lower back region.
  3. Feet Positioning: Your feet should rest flat on the floor (or on a footrest) with your knees approximately at hip level. This position promotes better posture and reduces strain.

Desking It Right

  1. Height Matters: The ideal desk height allows your elbows to form an angle between 90 and 120 degrees. This prevents shoulder and wrist strain.
  2. Clutter-Free Zone: Regularly clear unnecessary items. This not only promotes a cleaner workspace but also ensures that essential tools are within arm’s reach, reducing unnecessary stretching or twisting.
  3. Keyboard and Mouse Placement: These should be at the same level with adequate space for hand movement. Your wrists should be in a neutral position, not flexed upwards.

Laptop and PC Set-up

  1. Monitor Height: The top of your screen should be at or slightly below eye level. This ensures your neck remains neutral and reduces the risk of straining.
  2. Distance: Position the monitor about an arm’s length away, ensuring you can read without leaning forward or looking down.
  3. External Keyboard and Mouse for Laptops: If you primarily use a laptop, consider investing in an external keyboard and mouse. This allows for a more ergonomic setup, letting you elevate the laptop monitor without compromising on keyboard position.

Three Essential Steps to an Ergonomic Work Area

  1. Neutralise Your Posture: This means aligning your joints from head to toes, so there’s minimal strain or stress on them.
  2. Regular Movement: Every hour, take a short break. Stretch, walk around, or simply adjust your sitting position.
  3. Eye Care: Follow the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. This reduces eye strain.

Four Strategies for an Ergonomic Office Environment

  1. Adjustable Furniture: Invest in furniture that can adapt, from sit/stand desks to adjustable chairs.
  2. Lighting: Ensure proper lighting that neither casts shadows nor causes glares on screens.
  3. Tool Placement: Frequently used tools should be easily accessible. This includes telephones, stationery, or any other daily essentials.
  4. Footrests and Wrist Supports: These can significantly improve comfort levels, ensuring optimal angles and support for both feet and wrists.

Implementing Ergonomics in the Workplace

For businesses, prioritising ergonomics goes beyond individual workstations. It includes training sessions, promoting regular breaks, and possibly even involving ergonomic consultants. Understanding and addressing employees’ unique ergonomic needs can result in increased productivity, reduced absenteeism, and improved employee well-being.


Adopting an ergonomic workspace is not just a fleeting trend but a necessity in our evolving work culture. With remote work on the rise and employees spending more time at their desks, a comfortable, optimised environment is crucial. Whether you’re an individual setting up a home office or a business leader looking to enhance the workplace, ergonomics offers a path to enhanced well-being and productivity.